Abstract Computer systems are powerful tools that touch upon many aspects of life in modern society. They can be used to enhance the quality of life or degrade it. The impact of this effect may range from negligible to the dramatic. In order to ensure that computer systems are used in an effective and productive
Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks have the same goals, but the implementation is much more complex and wields more power. Whereas a DoS attack relies on a single system or a very small number of systems to attack a victim, a DDoS attack scales this up by having several attackers go after a victim.